Chūmon (Central Gate)

National treasure
Asuka Period: mid 6th - beginning of 8th c.

Kairō (Cloister-Gallery)

National treasure
Asuka Period: mid 6th - beginning of 8th c.

Low, overhanging eaves of the Central Gate shade entablatures and ornamental railings that are supported by columns designed with entasis, all of which capture the essence of Asuka architecture. The mighty gate doors and Japan's oldest known clay guardian deities, or Kongō Rikishi (Nara Period: beginning of 8th-end of 8th c.), which tower on each side of the doorway, stand in imposing contrast to the delicate lattice windows of the Cloister Gallery, which stretches out to the cast and west and surrounds the pagoda and Main Hall in refined splendor. On the opposite side of the enclosure is the Great Lecture Hall (Daikōdō), flanked by the Bell House(Shōrō) on the east and the Sutra Repository (Kyōzō) on the west. This particular temple layout, the heart of the Western Precinct, is referred to as the Hōryūji Style.

Kyōzō (Sutra Repository)

National treasure
Nara Period: beginning of 8th - end of 8th c.

Originally constructed as a facility to store sutras, this building currently houses a Heian-period seated image of Kanroku Sōjō, the scholarly monk from the early-4th to-mid-7th-century Korean kingdom of Paekche, who was the first to convey the disciplines of astronomy and geography to Japan.

Shōrō (Bell House)

National treasure
Heian Period: end of 8th - late of 12th c.

The Hakuhō-period bell that hangs in the Bell House echoes to this day with the sound of ancient Japan.

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